Max Liebermann (1847–1935)

20 July 1847 Max Liebermann was born the son of a wealthy Jewish textile manufacturer in Berlin.
1869 Studied at the Weimar Academy of Arts
1873 Moved to Paris and Barbizon; influenced by the art of Jean-François Millet (1814–1875) and the Dutch old masters, particularly Frans Hals (between 1580 and 1585 to 1666)
1874–1914 Annual summer trips to Holland
1878 Moved to Munich; encountered the circle of artists around Wilhelm Leibl (1844–1900). Liebermann’s preoccupation with depicting the common tradespeople and farm labourers he had encountered in the Netherlands earned him the reputation of being a “painter of the poor”.
1884 Returned to Berlin and married Martha Marckwald
1885 Birth of daughter Käthe
1889 Participated in the Exposition Universelle in Paris, marking the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. For political reasons, the Prussian government forbade him from accepting a knighthood from the French Legion of Honour.
1894 After the death of his father, he inherited the house on Pariser Platz (Berlin), where he had been living since 1892.
1897 Appointed professor at the Royal Academy of Arts at Berlin.
1898 Liebermann became president of the newly founded Berlin Secession.
Together with Lovis Corinth and Max Slevogt, he formed the triumvirate of what was known as German Impressionism. At this time, Liebermann’s subject matter and painting style began to change: his palette became brighter, his colours more luminous. For the subject of his paintings, he turned to the middle classes in their leisure time and on trips to the beach.
1909–1910 The Liebermann Villa was built. From then on, Liebermann spent his summers in Wannsee.
The garden inspired him to produce more than 200 oil paintings and just as many prints.
1920–1932 President of the Prussian Academy of Arts at Berlin
1927 Named an honorary citizen of Berlin
1933 Resigned as honorary president of the Academy of Arts upon the fine art department’s decision to stop exhibiting pictures from Jewish artists
8 Feb 1935 Died in his house on Pariser Platz, embittered and ostracized by the National Socialists